Categories
Marcas Qnap

Unboxing of this SD-WAN router with WiFi Mesh

Main features

The main wireless characteristics of this router that integrates WiFi Mesh functionalities if we use other QHora routers, are that it incorporates simultaneous triple band with AC2200. In the 2.4GHz band we can achieve a speed of up to 400Mbps, thanks to its two internal antennas with 4.6dBi gain in MIMO 2T2R configuration. In the first 5GHz band we can achieve a speed of up to 867Mbps, thanks to its two internal antennas with 4.9dBi gain in MU-MIMO 2T2R configuration. The antennas of the 2.4GHz and 5GHz-1 band are dual, in the second 5GHz frequency band We have two internal antennas in MU-MIMO 2T2R configuration with which we will achieve a speed up to 867Mbps. Therefore, we are facing an AC2200 class WiFi Mesh router, where a 5GHz frequency band is exclusively dedicated to the interconnection of the different nodes and here we will have all the backbone traffic of the mesh network. This router allows you to configure the channel widths with 20 / 40MHz in the 2.4GHz band, and 20/40 / 80MHz in the 5GHz bands, it does not support 160MHz of channel width in the 5GHz bands.

In the wireless network we have the possibility of configuring the “Smart Connect” to enable band-steering, that is, it will automatically place us in the 2.4GHz or 5GHz band depending on the coverage that we are going to receive. We also have the ability to configure guest WiFi networks, configure the WiFi scheduler and the typical options related to SSID, security, MAC filtering and more. Of course, being a WiFi Mesh system we will have WiFi roaming, to go from one node to another in a transparent way. A very important detail is that we can have a maximum of 4 devices per WiFi Mesh system, that is, a router and 3 satellites.

Regarding the wired characteristics, we have a total of One Gigabit Ethernet port for the Internet WANCurrently the firmware does not support VLANs on the WAN, so it would not be compatible with FTTH directly, we would have to have some way to untag the VLAN. In addition to the Gigabit Ethernet port of the Internet WAN, we also have one Gigabit Ethernet port for the LAN.

The hardware that this router incorporates is top of the range, it has a processor Qualcomm IPQ4019, it is a Quad-Core at a speed of 720MHz, we also have 512MB of RAM and 4GB of FLASH eMMC memory to store the operating system with all its registers and settings. Thanks to this powerful processor, the performance that we will have in VPN, WiFi or wired performance is guaranteed.

How could it be otherwise, this new router also has one USB 3.2 Gen 1 port (at 5Gbps) To share files on the local network and the Internet through the FTP protocol, this would allow us a great number of additional possibilities to make the most of your hardware. Another interesting feature is the incorporation of a Bluetooth 5.0 module that will allow us to configure the app for the smartphone easily and quickly.

Regarding software features, the operating system is one of the most complete that we can find today. It incorporates QVPN with the main remote access VPN protocols such as L2TP / IPsec, OpenVPN and also Qbelt, a proprietary VPN protocol from QNAP that will greatly facilitate connection. This router allows a total of 30 tunnels to be raised simultaneously. Other features are that it incorporates web-based parental control, and the ability to enable safe search on YouTube, Google and Bing. This QNAP QMiro-201W router also supports the QuWAN SD-WAN service from the manufacturer QNAP, we can add and configure the different locations via VPN if we want to interconnect our home or office with others, in addition, we will have the possibility to optimize the WAN, perform WAN aggregation , traffic balancing and many other advanced configuration options. Thanks to the QuWAN that this router incorporates, as does the QNAP QHora-301W model, we can interconnect offices or homes in a really easy and simple way, without the need to know advanced VPN protocols or IGP routing protocols such as OSPF, IS -IS or RIP.

Finally, this new QNAP QMiro-201W router allows you to manage it through the QuRouter application for mobile devices, we can manage QNAP QMiro-201W locally and remotely, as well as create the WiFi Mesh network directly from the application. We can also add or delete different nodes.

Unboxing and first impressions

In RedesZone we already have with us the new QNAP QMiro-201W, a very interesting device because it has WiFi Mesh with simultaneous triple band, and a complete configuration firmware that incorporates multiple configuration and customization options. This router is oriented both to the professional field, for all the incorporated software such as QuWAN or QVPN, as well as to a domestic environment to form a complete high-performance WiFi Mesh network. For a home environment, the most interesting thing is the possibility of configuring different VPN servers, including OpenVPN or Qbelt that will be widely used, in addition, we can also create guest WiFi networks completely isolated from the main network.

Next, you can see the video that we have recorded explaining its characteristics in detail, and where you can see this new router up close, and where we explain in detail the main hardware and software characteristics.

Soon we will offer you a complete analysis where you can see in detail the real performance of this router and all the configuration options available in its firmware.

Categories
Marcas Qnap

QNAP QHora-301W firmware review with all options

This is the firmware of the QNAP QHora-301W router

At RedesZone we always consider firmware as one of the most important parts of a router. A good firmware must be optimized for the hardware where it is working, it must have a fast graphical user interface and with a good design, finally, a good firmware must have dozens of configuration options so that novice users and the most expert can configure the router to your liking.

The firmware of the QNAP QHora-301W router is fast, with a really friendly graphical user interface, and it has dozens of configuration options. We must bear in mind that we are facing a router oriented to the professional field. Some of the most relevant characteristics of this router is the possibility of configuring an SD-WAN thanks to the QuWAN technology from QNAP. This technology allows us to interconnect different QHora-301W routers through the Internet via IPsec VPN, in this way, we can establish Site-to-Site VPN tunnels between the different venues. Other options related to VPNs are the possibility of configuring up to three VPN servers with different protocols, specifically, this router is compatible with QNAP’s QBelt, L2TP and also OpenVPN, although we do not have advanced configuration options.

Other possibilities of this router are to be able to configure the WAN as we want. We can choose between three different options to configure the Internet WAN:

  1. 1 Gigabit Ethernet port
  2. 1 + 2 Gigabit Ethernet port with load balancing and connection failover
  3. 1 10G port for blazing fast speeds

At the LAN level, we can configure the main VLAN of the local network, or configure a trunk with tagged VLANs and “pass them” to a manageable switch or a NAS server that supports VLANs. Of course, at the WiFi level we can create a total of three WiFi networks by assigning them to the different VLANs that we have configured in the firmware, but, in addition, we have an additional guest WiFi network that is associated with an additional VLAN that is completely isolated from the wired network. Finally, we can also configure static routes to reach other networks through a gateway.

Other very interesting configuration options are the possibility of configuring the SPI firewall, configuring the NAT and also the UPnP, in addition, we must not forget that, in addition to having QuWAN with IPsec for Site-to-Site, we also have VPN access servers remote with QBelt, L2TP and also OpenVPN protocols. In addition, in the latest firmware version (1.4.2) they have also incorporated an OpenVPN client to connect to a remote VPN server. Other configuration options that we have available are parental control, although it has basic options, and we even have a DDNS service that they have also incorporated in the latest version.

In the following video you can see all the details about the firmware of this router. Unfortunately, two days after recording the video, QNAP released a firmware update incorporating the OpenVPN client and the DDNS service. However, this is good news for all current users of the QHora-301W router and for future users, because that means that QNAP is committed to continue developing the firmware and incorporating new features, something super important to have the maximum number of services. possible.

We recommend you visit our complete analysis of the QNAP QHora-301W router where you will find all the details and the real performance of this professional router.

Categories
Marcas Qnap

Unboxing of this SD-WAN router with WiFi 6 and 10G

Router main features

The first thing that we must indicate about this router is that it incorporates SD-WAN technology, which we will explain in detail in our in-depth analysis. Normally professional routers do not have WiFi connectivity, but this particular model does have the possibility of connecting us wirelessly.

The main wireless features is that it is simultaneous dual band with AX3600. In the 2.4GHz band we can achieve a speed of up to 1148Mbps, thanks to its four internal antennas with 4.5dBi gain in MU-MIMO 4T4R configuration. In the 5GHz band we can achieve a speed of up to 2.402Mbps, thanks to its four internal antennas with 5.2dBi gain in MU-MIMO 4T4R configuration. This team allows to configure it as a MU-MIMO 2T2R, but have 160MHz of channel width, ideal for achieving maximum speed with WiFi cards such as the Intel AX200. Of course, having WiFi 6, we have available all the improvements incorporated in the standard such as Beamforming, MU-MIMO in the two frequency bands, OFDMA in the two frequency bands, and also TWT to save battery life on mobile devices. like smartphones, tablets and laptops.

Regarding the wired characteristics, we have a total of two 10GBASE-T Multigigabit ports Y four Gigabit Ethernet ports. Taking into account that we are facing SD-WAN, any of these ports can function as WAN or LAN, in addition, we could have several WANs to perform load balancing or failover of the main connection. The hardware that this router incorporates is top of the range, it has a processor Qualcomm IPQ8072A Hawkeye 2, is a Quad-Core at a speed of 2.2GHz with 64-bit architecture, we also have 1GB of RAM and 4GB of FLASH memory to store the operating system with all its registers and settings.

How could it be otherwise, this new router also has a total of two USB 3.2 Gen 1 ports (at 5Gbps) To share files on the local network and the Internet, this would allow us a great number of additional possibilities to make the most of your hardware.

Regarding the software characteristics, the operating system is one of the aspects that we can highlight the most. We are facing an SD-WAN router, therefore, it allows us a very complete connectivity, with the possibility of user servers / multi-site VPN clients to interconnect different offices, in addition, we can create a mesh multi-site VPN topology, and route all the traffic through the best possible way, with the aim of making a highly efficient and scalable network for multiple sites.

Thanks to the QuWAN technology that this router incorporates, and also the top-of-the-range QNAP switches, we will be able to create different paths between the different venues very easily, without having to know IGP routing protocols such as OSPF, IS-IS or RIP. The operating system also allows us to configure the WiFi network in detail, in fact, we can configure a total of 6 SSIDs in different VLANs to segment the traffic correctly. Regarding the security options, we have a SPI and L7 firewall, also a deep packet inspection system to guarantee security within IPsec tunnels.

Unboxing and first impressions of this SD-WAN router

In RedesZone we already have with us the new QNAP QHora-301W, a very interesting device because we have high-level hardware, with 10G Multigigabit ports and also WiFi 6 with dual band. This router is ideal for home environments where we need great configurability, and also for professional environments to segment the entire network by VLANs, and even to interconnect different locations between them remotely and with Mesh VPN.

Next, you can see the video we have recorded explaining its characteristics in detail, and where you can see this new router up close.

Soon we will offer you a complete analysis where you can see in detail the real performance of this router and all the configuration options available in its firmware.

Categories
Marcas Qnap

QNAP Remote Manager Plus (QRM +): Monitor and manage computers

Thanks to QRM +, we will be able easily manage the company’s IT infrastructure, and all this easily and quickly, since all actions are carried out through a control panel with a very intuitive graphical interface. In this control panel we can see in real time all the registered teams, and we will be able to follow all the important parameters such as CPU consumption, RAM, disk use, use of the local network, the status of the system’s power supply, etc. Some of the notable options are that we can create fully custom alerts, so that you can notify us in case we reach a certain level of RAM or disk occupation, for example. These notices are made in the graphical interface of the control panel, or you will directly send us the information by email.

One of the QRM + strengths is that it will allow us to save a lot of time in implementing this monitoring system, since simply we must install an “agent” on Windows or Linux computers we want to monitor and manage remotely, the rest will be done by QRM + which is installed on the QNAP NAS server.

Another important aspect of QRM + is that it is compatible with IPMI (Intelligent Platform Management Interface)This will allow us to discover, map, monitor and manage all IPMI compliant devices within the network, regardless of the state of the operating system they are using. This is ideal for monitoring critical system sensors such as temperature, fan speed, voltage, and other parameters. In addition, QRM + will allow us the function KVM to remotely control certain IPMI-compliant devices.

QRM + also makes it easy for us to discover all network devices, including routers, switches, servers, etc. When it comes to discovering all the hosts, what it will do is scan the entire local IP range, to later facilitate the task of registering each and every one of the computers.

Finally, QNAP has designed an application for Android that will allow us to see in real time everything that is happening in QRM +, in such a way that we will always have at our disposal the monitoring of all the equipment.

QRM +
QRM +

Once we have seen the main characteristics of QNAP Remote Manager Plus, or also called QRM +, we are going to teach you how to install this tool, and how to monitor equipment.

Installing QNAP Remote Manager Plus on the NAS server

The QRM + installation is really easy and fast, we simply have to enter the administration of our QNAP NAS via the web, go to “App Center” and search for “QRM”. The search engine will provide us with two results, that of QRM + and QRMAgentPack. We must click on the first one, the QRM +, and click on the “Install” button.

By clicking on “Install”, the installation wizard will inform us that you also have to install other additional software on the NAS for QRM + to work properly, we accept this installation and the process will begin. We will not have to intervene at all, we will only wait a few minutes until all the software is downloaded and the installation completes successfully.

Once we have installed QRM + on our NAS, we will see how to access the administration of said program.

Starting up QNAP Remote Manager Plus

To access the QRM + administration, we simply have to click on the icon that has been created on the NAS desktop. When it asks for our credentials, we will enter the NAS administration username and password. The first menu that we will have is to add devices to QRM +, and it will ask us if we know exactly which devices to manage, or we want it to perform a scan on our network and then select it.

We have chosen «Search your network and then select», in the second step it will show us the range of IP addresses that we are using, we proceed with the search by clicking on «Start exploration». If we wait a few seconds, it will show us a list with all the hosts it has located, and if they can be managed or not. We must remember that the hosts that you can currently manage are Windows, Linux computers and also IPMI devices (although not all IPMIs).

Currently QRM + does not allow the management of QTS devices (QNAP NAS), but seeing the message that it returns, it is very possible that in future versions of this software it will. In this way, we can have a QNAP NAS that will be able to manage other servers with QTS, ideal to centralize the administration and monitoring of all of them.

We are going to install a Windows 10 computer on QRM +, click on our main PC and the installation wizard will allow us to download the QRMAgentService software, a software that we must install on our Windows PC to be able to “link” it with QRM +.

Once the QRMAgentService software has been downloaded, we are going to install it on our computer.

Installing QRMAgentService on Windows 10 computer

The installation wizard of this software does not have much difficulty, it will simply tell us that we must confirm our IP address, and then enter the username and password to authenticate in the QRM +, in this way, this software will link correctly with the QRM + server.

Once installed, we click on “Finish”, we must not forget to start this service for the first time so that QNAP can quickly add it to the centralized management of QRM +.

Once we have done it, we must wait about a minute for QRM + to add it to the control panel, and we can begin to centrally monitor and manage this device.

QNAP Remote Manager Plus Administration

In the QRM + control panel is where we can see the status of each and every one of the computers that we have registered. We will be able to see the disk usage, CPU usage, RAM and a long list of parameters since this control panel is configurable through Widgets.

To register a new Widget, we simply have to click on the “+” icon in the upper right. We choose which widget we want to add, we have selected the one for “CPU Utilization (Live)”, click on next and select the device to which we want to apply this widget. Once we have selected the equipment, we add it and we can see it in the control panel.

As you can see, in the main menu we can see this new widget in detail, with CPU usage and a hyperlink to the monitoring of that specific host.

Other Widgets that we can add here are RAM memory usage, disk usage, real-time network usage, status change log, performance monitor and other IPMI-related widgets that we can register and see everything in the control Panel.

If we click on our PC, we will be able to see all the characteristics of the equipment, such as the host name, motherboard manufacturer, CPU, RAM, operating system, IP addresses, real-time CPU usage, RAM memory usage, disk usage etc.

In this menu we can also configure the RDP protocol to remotely manage our own PC, in the purest TeamViewer style but all through QRM +. If we click on the “All devices” section, we can see all the computers that we have registered.

This is what we look like when using the RDP protocol to remotely manage our own operating system. We can easily interact as if we were in front of the computer.

As we have said before, QRM + allows us to create different alerts, we will be able to create an alert for, for example, CPU usage, RAM, disk and power status of the equipment (if it is on). Of course, we can set different conditions, if for example we put “> 4” it means that it will send us an alert if we exceed 4% of RAM memory usage. This alert that we believe can be applied to all the equipment that we have registered in QRM +, in this way, we greatly facilitate the management of alerts when we have dozens of equipment.

The logs section is where we can see the information or error logs that the QRM + system has detected, in addition, we will be able to create different users to access the QRM + system itself, so that our IT team is also able to enter correctly and without any problem. Of course, we will be able to configure the email to correctly notify us of any alert that we have previously configured. It will also allow us to configure the time that all alert logs, notifications, historical data, KVM video recordings and system logs will be stored.

Finally, in the “QRMAgent Repository” section we can see the QRMAgent software that is currently available to manage different computers. We currently have for Windows x86, Windows x64, Ubuntu, CentOS and Debian 8.

Once we know everything about QRM +, we are going to show you how to add a second Windows computer to the centralized management of QRM +.

Adding a second Windows machine to QRM +

To add this second team, we go to the “Identify device” section, and click on our own team to add it. An installation wizard that we have known before will automatically run. We click on «Add selected devices», download and install QRMAgent on this computer, and we will automatically have added it to the general control panel of this tool.

As you can see, we can also see all the details about this team that we just added.

In the main QRM + panel we will see both computers, with their corresponding IP addresses, CPU consumption, RAM consumption, disk use and other characteristics. Imagine for a moment that we have 50 computers registered, thanks to this tool we can very easily centralize all the management and monitoring of all of them.

So far we have come with our manual on how to install and use QRM +, the centralized monitoring and management tool from the manufacturer QNAP. As you have seen, the use of this tool is really easy and fast, nothing to do with installing Nagios, Zabbix, Icinga2 and other monitoring systems. QRM + is designed to make our lives easier both when registering equipment, as well as when monitoring dozens of equipment and managing them remotely via RDP or VNC if necessary.

We recommend visit our page dedicated to the manufacturer QNAP where you will find all the analyzes carried out to date on your NAS, and a large number of configuration manuals.

Categories
Marcas Qnap

What is SSD over-provisioning on QNAP NAS servers

Solid State Drives (SSDs) persistently store data, just like conventional mechanical hard drives. The big difference is that SSDs provide a much higher performance both in reading and writing, but especially when we perform random reads / writes. Due to the great price drop that these types of disks are experiencing, users can buy these types of disks to accelerate the performance of their NAS. When we install an SSD, we have two very important things in mind: maximizing system performance and preventing early degradation of the SSD itself.

The performance of an SSD can be degraded by performing “garbage collection” to free up blocks when the disk is full. This results in many writes (write amplification) to the disk itself, reducing not only performance, but also its lifespan.

What is SSD over-provisioning?

SSD over-provisioning allows us to solve the write amplification problem that we discussed earlier, reserving space on the SSD for writes and garbage collection. Some manufacturers reserve 7% of the total disk size by default, but it is possible to reserve more to increase the performance and also the durability of the SSD.

The additional over-provisioning feature of SSD allows us to allocate a space of between 1% and 60%, ideal for optimizing random write speeds, and also increasing its useful life. In addition, QNAP incorporates a tool to evaluate which over-provisioning ratio we should use, taking as a target a certain IOPS value. In this way, the system will recommend the best option, and we will be able to see the estimated result before configuring it.

QNAP has found that setting a 40% over-provisioning on a Samgung 850 SSD allows the number of IOPS to be increased by 100%. In the event that we choose to configure a RAID 1 of two 512GB SSDs, with only reserving an over-provisioning of 20%, we will have more than double the IOPS.

The over-provisioning function works with any SSD, be it with SATA, M.2 or NVMe SSD interface. In addition, we will be able to activate this function if we use SSD Caché or automated storage by Qtier levels, regardless of the type of RAID chosen with these two functions to accelerate the performance of our NAS. A very important detail is that we can only configure this over-provisioning with the QTS version 4.3.5 or higher, and in addition, we will have to create a new storage space, it cannot be set for SSD cache or SSD volumes that already exist.

How is over-provisioning configured in QNAP?

Thanks to the SSD profiling tool, we will be able to test the SSD random write performance with a percentage that we define, to later start it in the menu to create SSD Caché or Qtier. Using this tool is very important, because it will give us a vision of the performance we can obtain, before putting it into production.

When we go to configure a new cache SSD, we will have the possibility of enabling or not the “Over-provisioning” of the SSD, and we can define the percentage that we want. Just below it will indicate the cache capacity, and the over-provisioning capacity that we have just configured. Of course, the rest of the SSD Caché options are the same as always.

We recommend you enter the official website where they explain in detail everything about the QNAP SSD over-provisioning. You can also visit our QNAP section where you will find product reviews and manuals to make the most of your NAS.

Categories
Marcas Qnap

Unboxing this switch with 2.5GbE ports

Characteristics of this unmanageable switch

Switches with Multigigabit ports allow us to transfer files at more than 300MB / s, therefore, it is ideal for home environments and also for small and medium offices, to take full advantage of the wired network, since Cat 6 cabling is still compatible with these speeds without any problem. Multigigabit 10G switches are currently quite expensive, around € 220 approximately, and do not have more than 2 or 3 Multigigabit ports, as we have seen previously. Having a cheap Multigigabit switch with 5 ports is very important, and QNAP has taken note of this by launching the QNAP QSW-1105-5T, its first non-manageable Multigigabit switch.

This new unmanageable switch from the manufacturer QNAP is fully Plug & PlayWe simply have to connect it to the electrical current, connect the different wired equipment (NAS server, desktop PC, laptop PC) and it will automatically synchronize the maximum possible speed and we will have access to the local network. This equipment does not have any type of configuration option, so we will not have any firmware web menu to configure VLANs, Link Aggregation or other typical characteristics of manageable switches.

The most important feature of this unmanageable switch is the incorporation of a total of 5 ports 2.5GbE Multigigabit, that is, we will be able to synchronize at speeds of 2.5G, 1Gbps and 100Mbps without any problem, depending on the cable distance and the standard that we use. If we want to take full advantage of the potential of the ports of this switch, we will need to have 2.5GbE network cards or also 10G Multigigabit cards, that is, they must be compatible with the 2.5GbE speed.

Other important features of this switch is that it allows a total of 16K MAC addresses in your table, allows a non-blocking 12.5Gbps bandwidth and a 25Gbps switching capacity. Another interesting aspect of this switch is that it is totally silentIt does not have active cooling with fans, it is totally passive thanks to the fact that it has a metal chassis that dissipates heat perfectly.

This equipment is desktop, it can be placed both on a table and on the wall, but it is not a rackable equipment. In order to avoid loops at the link layer level, this switch does not have STP / RSTP or MSTP, but it does have a mechanism to detect loops If we connect a cable from one switch port to another, it will also warn us with a “loop” LED, perfectly indicating that there is a loop at the link layer level, and that we must solve it as soon as possible.

Finally, the electrical power that this equipment needs to operate is 12W, therefore, the consumption of this equipment is minimal.

Unboxing and first impressions of this Multigigabit switch

In RedesZone we already have with us this new QNAP QSW-1105-5T switch and we are testing it thoroughly, thanks to this ultra-fast connectivity, we can transfer files at speeds of up to 300MB / s, a very favorable point when we have NAS servers with connectivity Multigigabit 2.5GbE, since we can transfer data at high speed and squeeze the most out of the hardware.

We recommend you visit our section contents of the manufacturer QNAP where you will find all the analysis and tutorials available.

Categories
Marcas Qnap

Meet this powerful NAS room NAS with 4K output

QNAP HS-453DX NAS Server Key Features

This new QNAP HS-453DX NAS server has a really spectacular design, it is not the typical tower or rack format NAS server, but it is ideal to place it in the living room next to the TV and the rest of the multimedia devices that we have. Its dimensions are 42.8 x 404 x 220 mm, so it will go completely unnoticed just below or next to the TV. In addition, thanks to the fact that it is totally silent (it does not incorporate any type of fan), it will not make any noise, even if we are making intensive use of it, we will only hear some noise if we are using mechanical discs, something completely normal.

The main processor of this NAS server is the Intel Celeron J4105, this processor has four cores at a base speed of 1.5GHzHowever, we have the turbo mode that reaches up to 2.5GHz speed. Also, one of the most important aspects of a NAS CPU today is that incorporates AES-NIThanks to this functionality we will be able to encrypt and decrypt any content at almost the same speed as without encryption. If you are going to encrypt volumes, folders, or use encrypted protocols such as FTPES, VPN with AES or SFTP, this function will be of great help to have optimal performance.

Along with this powerful processor, we have a 4GB RAM capacityHowever, this QNAP HS-453DX allows us expand RAM memory by up to 8GB capacity, using two modules of 4GB capacity each. The type of RAM is DDR4 SO-DIMM.

Rear NAS server for living room QNAP HS-453DX

Regarding the disk bays that this QNAP HS-453DX incorporates, we have 2 bays for SATA3 6Gbps drives, in sizes of 3.5 inches and also 2.5 inches. Therefore, in these two bays we can place both the typical hard drives, as well as SSD in 2.5-inch format. Of course, these bays allow hot swapping, without the need to turn off the NAS, as they are located on the sides of the front of the computer. This NAS server It also has 2 slots for SATA M.2 2280, where we will install SSD to use it both as normal storage, for SSD Cache and accelerate the performance of the NAS, and even to use it as Qtier. To access these slots it is necessary to disassemble the NAS, removing the screws on the bottom and lifting the upper case.

Regarding connectivity, we have one Gigabit Ethernet port for the LAN, but the most interesting thing is that we also have a 10GBASE-T port, and supports the NBASE-T standard. Thanks to this dedicated 10GbE port, we can connect a switch or a router at speeds of 10Gbps, 5Gbps, 2.5Gbps and also 1Gbps and 100Mbps without any problem. Thanks to this high-speed port, we will not have a bottleneck in the Gigabit Ethernet interface itself.

In order to connect external devices and easily interact with the NAS, we have 2 USB 2.0 ports, 2 high-performance USB 3.0 ports, and we also have 1 USB Type-C port, ideal for connecting equipment that uses this type of connector.

QNAP HS-453DX NAS Server Detail Ethernet Ports

Other ports built into this QNAP HS-453DX are one HDMI 1.4b port, which will allow us to transmit multimedia content at 4K resolution at 30Hz, and we also have one HDMI 2.0 port that will allow us 4K resolutions at 60Hz. Thanks to these two HDMI ports, and the integrated Intel UDH 600 GPU, we can connect the NAS directly to our TV, and be able to use the NAS as if it were a multimedia player, but logically much more powerful than the typical TV Box. In addition, we also have one 3.5mm jack audio output, and two 3.5mm jack microphone inputs. We cannot forget to mention that we also have a small speaker that will inform us when the NAS has been turned on, off and other important notices that we can configure in QTS. As this QNAP HS-453DX NAS server is geared towards multimedia content, it is compatible with QNAP remote control RM-IR004Thanks to it, we can easily navigate through the different menus.

On the front of this NAS server we have an on / off button for the equipment, and on the back we have the typical RESET button to restore the equipment to factory settings.

Regarding the operating system, we still have QTS in its latest version, where we will have all the options for an advanced NAS server, such as all network services (Samba, FTP, FTPES, SSH, web server and much more), as well as the possibility of configuring SSD Caché and Qtier to accelerate the maximum performance.

You can visit the page QNAP HS-453DX official website where you will find all the details about this NAS server for the living room.

Unboxing and First Impressions of the QNAP HS-453DX NAS Server

In RedesZone we have had the opportunity to test this QNAP HS-453DX NAS server, and we have made a complete video where we explain all the accessories that we have in the NAS box, as well as its external appearance in detail. Soon we will offer you manuals on how to make the most of the possibilities of this NAS, using for example HybridDesk Station, and also how to use Plex Media Server or Video Station with content transcoding in 4K resolution.

We recommend visit our page dedicated to QNAP, where you will find all the analyzes and published manuals of this manufacturer.

Categories
Marcas Qnap

Unboxing of this 10G Multigigabit switch with PoE

Main features of this new switch

Processor and RAM

This new switch is sold in two versions, depending on the main processor (CPU) you use. Before buying one of the two models, we must be clear about what hardware it incorporates, because depending on the use we give this equipment, we will need more or less power from the main processor.

The basic version of QGD-1602P uses a Intel Atom C3558 processor, is a Quad-Core at 2.2GHz, with Intel QAT technology and AES-NI acceleration. If we buy this model, it will have 8GB DDR4 RAM, but it is expandable up to 64GB of RAM. The most advanced version incorporates the Intel Atom C3758 processor It has 8 cores at a speed of 2.2GHz, it also has Intel QAT technology and AES-NI acceleration, in addition, it comes by default with 16GB of DDR4 RAM, but it is also expandable up to 64GB of RAM.

We must remember that the model QNAP Guardian QGD-1600P that we have thoroughly analyzed in RedesZone, it has an Intel J4115 processor that is Quad-Core at 1.8GHz, if we compare it with this new generation of the manageable switch with NAS functions, we can see that the new model with Intel Atom C3558 processor is clearly underperforming in terms of performance, however, the performance of the Intel Atom C3758 is clearly superior.

What model of QNAP QGD-1602P to choose? If you are going to perform operating systems virtualization with Virtualization Station, or virtualization with Docker, the model with the C3558 will be really short, so our recommendation is to go directly for the C3758 model. If you are not going to use virtualization, you should consider its Passmark score to see if the C3558 is going to meet your needs.

External ports and connectivity

This switch has a total of 2 5GBASE-T ports Y 2 Gigabit Ethernet ports Regarding the host, internally we can configure these ports to act as LAN or as Internet WAN, since we can make use of operating systems oriented to routers such as Mikrotik’s RouterOS, and we can even install a powerful firewall such as pfSense.

Regarding the switch, we have a total of 4 Multigigabit 2.5GbE ports with PoE ++ 802.3bt standard (up to 90W power per port), we also have a total of 4 Multigigabit 2.5GbE ports with PoE + 802.3at standard (up to 30W of power per port), and finally, we have another 8 Gigabit Ethernet ports with the PoE + standard. Depending on the chosen model, we will have a PoE Budget of 200W (the cheapest model) or up to 370W (the model with Intel C3758 CPU). Finally, we have a total of 2 SFP + ports at 10GbpsIn this way, we can use these ports as Uplinks of other switches and not have a bottleneck.

This switch model also incorporates two USB 3.0 ports (at 5Gbps) to connect external hard drives, and even also a QNAP expansion bay via USB to expand the internal storage.

Internal ports and connectivity

One of the most interesting parts of this team is inside, we will have a total of two PCIe 3.0 x4 ports, Thanks to these PCIe ports we can install 10GBASE-T network cards and further expand the connectivity of this equipment, we will also have the possibility of installing USB 3.2 Gen 2 cards (at 10Gbps) to accelerate the speed of the USB ports enormously, for Of course, we can also buy QNAP’s QM2 cards to have SSD cache with M.2 drives, and even a combination of SSD cache plus 10G connectivity.

In this new model QNAP Guardian QGD-1602P we have a total of two M.2 NVMe SSD slots, these slots will allow us to have a storage set with all SSDs to store virtual machines or files that need a high reading and writing speed. Of course, these drives can be used without problems to use it as an SSD cache. In our analysis of RedesZone that you will see soon, we are going to use some Kingston DC1000B high performance and datacenter oriented.

Last we have 2 bays to accommodate 2.5 ”hard drives or SSDs, to use this equipment as a small NAS server, where we can centralize IP camera recordings, host virtual machines and much more, here we can install hard drives of up to 5TB capacity (Seagate has 2.5 ”drives of this capacity) , and we can also install SSD drives in case we need ultra-fast storage. In this case, we have used some Kingston DC500M high performance and server oriented with a mixed use of read and write.

Software features

In this team we have two very different parts. On the one hand, we have the switch part with the QSS operating system that will allow us to use all the typical L2 management functions of a manageable switch, such as the possibility of configuring VLANs, ports, Link Aggregation, IGMP Snooping, LLDP, QoS, create access control lists and more.

On the other hand, we have the QTS operating system of the NAS servers, thanks to the incorporation of QTS the possibilities of this equipment are almost unlimited, and we can virtualize operating systems such as PfSense, the Mikrotik RouterOS operating system, and even OpenWRT and the Zabbix monitoring platform. We can also use QNAP’s SD-WAN solution to build IPsec in mesh, install the Ubiquiti UniFi Wi-Fi controller, and even install FreePBX among many other possibilities.

Unboxing and first impressions of this switch

In RedesZone we already have with us this new QNAP QGD-1602P model, a manageable switch that can also function as an advanced NAS server with virtualization included. As you have seen, this model is nothing like other switches with L2 management that we have seen so far, the most interesting thing about the QGD-1602P is the incorporation of the QTS operating system and all that it entails.

We recommend you visit our section contents of the manufacturer QNAP where you will find all the analysis and tutorials available.

Categories
Marcas Qnap

QNAP backup tools for PC, Mac and mobile

One of the main uses of a NAS server is the possibility of backing up our most important files from computers, smartphones, tablets, and even making backups from one NAS to another NAS, and also from the NAS to a Cloud service . The manufacturer QNAP has several applications for making backup copies from different media, ideal for keeping everything centrally. In addition, after making this copy centrally, we can replicate it to another NAS server or to the cloud to have greater security that those files will not disappear.

PC to NAS Backups with NetBak Replicator

If you have a Windows PC, the free app NetBak Replicator It will allow us to make backup copies of a hard drive, of folders or files specifically, to a QNAP NAS server that we have on the local network. This application also allows us to make backup copies via FTP and WebDAV, in case we want to make copies to a remote computer easily and quickly.

This application is as simple as selecting what we want to copy to the NAS, and then putting the NAS path where we want to copy said information. On the official QNAP website you have a NetBak Replicator user manual, and the link to its completely free download.

Mac to NAS Backup with TimeMachine

TimeMachine is an application that all Apple computers bring to perform backups. To be able to use Time Machine with a QNAP NAS, we have to download the application «Hybrid Backup Sync»From the official QNAP app store.

Once installed, in the time machine section, we configure the service, and enter the user credentials that we want to use. Likewise, we must also set the volume in which we want to save it, as well as the maximum capacity to erase the oldest ones. These backup copies will be in the TMBackup folder. In the following video, you can see how to configure a backup with Apple and a QNAP NAS in 4 minutes:

Thanks to Time Machine and Hybrid Backup Sync, we will be able to make backups easily and quickly.

Smartphone / tablet backups to NAS

If you have a Android or iOS device, we will be able to make automatic uploads of photos to the NAS server using the free Qfile app, as Dropbox or Google Photos currently does, but in this case they will be in our private cloud on the QNAP NAS server. This application can be downloaded directly from here:

Qfile
Qfile
Qfile
Qfile

If you have an Android device, you will also be able to back up files, in fact, you will be able to set up a file and folder sync, all thanks to the Qsync application. The Qsync application is only available for the Android operating system:

Qsync
Qsync

In RedesZone we have a complete guide to each and every QNAP smartphone appWe recommend you visit it to know in detail all the options we have:

Backups from SD or USB to NAS

There are some QNAP NAS servers that have a slot to read SD cards, and also a front USB port. This will help us to make quick backups by pressing just one button, all the data from the SD or USB card will be transferred to the NAS server for later use. In the application «Backup manager»We will be able to manage and configure these backups, creating different jobs to save the information from the removable storage device to the inside of the NAS.

NAS to USB or SD backup

The realization of this backup would be done exactly the same as before, through «Backup manager«, But in reverse. Now we must select that the source is the NAS server in a certain folder, and the destination is the USB device or the SD card that we have inserted in the NAS server.

On the official QNAP website you have a small guide how to create new backup jobs, and all this easily and quickly.

NAS to NAS Backups with RTRR

RTRR, or also known as Remote Real Time Replication, it is an exclusive function of QNAP NAS servers, which will allow us to make backup copies to another QNAP NAS server. This feature not only serves to backup between two NAS locally (on the same network), but also remotely (over the Internet), and all this safely.

Another option we have is the possibility of making backup copies through FTP / FTPES and Rsync, in case we do not have a QNAP NAS, and we have no choice but to use other protocols that all manufacturers use and that are not exclusive to QNAP.

NAS to Cloud Backups

Finally, QNAP will allow us incorporate Cloud services for backing up. Thanks to this function, we will be able to upload everything we have in a certain folder to the cloud of different providers. Currently, the Hybrid Backup Sync application supports the following services:

  • Amazon Glacier
  • Amazon S3
  • Azure
  • Google Cloud Storage
  • Box
  • Dropbox
  • Google drive
  • Yandex Disk
  • Amazon Drive
  • Infinite Backup
  • Openstack
  • Onedrive for Business
  • hubiC
  • HiDrive
  • Backblaze

In the QNAP official website You can see the main features of this hybrid backup, including all the services compatible with Hybrid Backup Sync so far. You can also see if it allows only backup or synchronization, as well as if it will allow us to backup in real time, or by versions.

We must remember that a RAID is not a backup, that is, even if we have a RAID 1 or a RAID 5 and, therefore, we have protection against disk failure, it is always advisable to make a backup copy on an external medium. If we have another NAS server, the easiest thing is to use it with RTRR for backups, otherwise, we can save the most important things in the cloud.

We recommend access our QNAP section where you will find analysis of their NAS, their software, and user manuals to make the most of all its possibilities.

Categories
Marcas Qnap

Meet this USB 3.0 RAID expansion box

QNAP TR-004 Main Features

This QNAP TR-004 is a expansion cage that has a total of 4 bays to accommodate 2.5-inch and 3.5-inch SATA drivesTherefore, we can install conventional hard drives, 2.5-inch hard drives, and even use solid state drives (SSD) without any problem. These disk bays can be ‘locked’ to prevent accidental removal of drives, and therefore prevent data loss when removing a disk that is in use. In addition, an important detail is that we will have an eject button to disconnect the QNAP TR-004 from our NAS or computer safely.

The SATA port speed is 3Gbps and disks can be removed and hot added, without having to turn off the device itself. Regarding connectivity with the main QNAP NAS server or with our PC, connection is via a USB 3.0 Type-C port in the TR-004, but we have a type C to USB type A cable, therefore, we can use a USB 3.0 port available on the NAS or a PC, it does not have to be a USB type C. Thanks to this connectivity, we achieve a theoretical maximum speed of 5Gbps due to this connectivity. This model also has a instant backup button, to copy the files from the QNAP TR-004 to the QNAP NAS server automatically, just like the manufacturer’s own NAS and its instant backup button.

Other features of the QNAP TR-004 are that it incorporates a 12cm diameter fan to cool the internal discs, has a Kensington security slot to prevent theft and has a maximum consumption of 18W with all units occupied. Regarding the dimensions of this equipment, we are 16.8 cm high, 16 cm wide and 21.9 cm deep with a weight of 1.85Kg without installed discs.

This QNAP TR-004 has a small disk mode DIP switchThis will allow us to change the RAID configurations of the equipment itself, since we can configure this DAS as individual disks, or make a RAID group. This QNAP TR-004 model allows you to configure the disks in individual and JBOD mode, as well as in RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 5 and also RAID 10. Finally, it has a control mode via software, in this configuration mode we can control RAID configuration through QNAP NAS server, or from the computer (Windows PC or Mac) using the software QNAP External RAID manager.

Unboxing and first impressions of the QNAP TR-004

In RedesZone we have had the opportunity to have the QNAP TR-004 in our hands, a really interesting device to act as expansion storage or as DAS in our QNAP NAS, and even as DAS in our Windows PC and Mac. You will see a video with the unboxing and first impressions of this RAID expansion box with USB 3.0 connectivity.

Once we have seen what the QNAP TR-004 is like, we are going to connect the device via USB to a QNAP NAS server, specifically we will connect it to the QNAP TVS-672XT which has USB 3.0 Type-C ports.

How to connect QNAP TR-004 to any NAS server with USB Type-C port

When we connect this QNAP TR-004 expansion box, we can configure it on our NAS in two very different ways:

  • NAS expansion storage mode: in this configuration mode, we will be able to configure the RAID via the TR-004 software itself. We can configure various functions of the NAS itself, such as configuring groups and storage snapshots. This configuration mode is recommended to maximize all the functionality of the QNAP TR-004 expansion box, although not all NAS are compatible, and we must have the QTS 4.3.6 operating system installed onwards.
  • External storage mode– In this configuration mode, the TR-004 acts as a DAS only and is compatible with any QNAP NAS with a USB 3.0 Type-C port.

In RedesZone we have made a video of how to connect and configure the QNAP TR-004 for the first time to the QNAP TVS-672XT NAS server:

An important detail of the QNAP TR-004 is that, if you are going to install it on a Windows PC or a Mac, it is necessary to install the software QNAP External RAID Manager, to be able to easily configure the RAID groups of the TR-004, and obtain important information such as the status of the different disks, RAID status etc.

We recommend visit the official website of QNAP TR-004 where you will find all the details.